The Secret of Synchronization

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive -
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive -
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. -
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. -
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. -
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster -
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. -
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. -
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. --
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon -
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. -
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. -
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. -
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. -
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. -
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: and
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - and
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci


  • I HaveNoGunGame
    I HaveNoGunGameTimme sedan

    This video makes perfect scence if you are into non duality and spirituality or even if you just understand and approve of it. Everything is one and at the end everything balances out, there is chaos and there is balance, they both work together to give us perfect harmony. Great vid 👍

  • ima Jenius
    ima Jenius9 timmar sedan

    if you use your brain you can see people shaking the brigde. thats why it is shaking.

  • Tacotoots12
    Tacotoots1216 timmar sedan

    19:20 was that a cut???

  • bmq34
    bmq3417 timmar sedan

    Who the hell give dislike to such a gread video? Anything wrong with it?

  • Simon Mølgaard Hansen
    Simon Mølgaard Hansen18 timmar sedan

    Hi. This night I was at a concert, and at the end it dawned upon me that the applause didnt synchronize the same way it usually does, unlike shown at around 10:00. Due to covid-19 we, as individuals, havent been attending consert etc. And we were sitting with distance. I wonder if it could have a connection?

  • Kian F
    Kian F19 timmar sedan

    I love the guest guy, he was so enthusiastic!

  • vicarioustube
    vicarioustube22 timmar sedan

    The young son of a friend of mine who had a heart transplant at 17 now at 19 his heart failed. He is alive and getting better at LA children hospital. But from your minute 14 it is quite amazing to visually see the electric representation of a heart failure. His dad told me about heart electrical specialist working on him or with him. I did send him this utmost pertinent link. Thank you!

  • sergio gonçalves
    sergio gonçalvesDag sedan

    great vid but isnt the moon pulling itself further from earth? meaning its not completely in sync with the earth? with the right equipment and the panels that the astronauts put on the moon we can observe that phenomenon

  • Arctic lama
    Arctic lamaDag sedan

    I clicked on this video only expecting to watch a couple minutes of it. I made sure to like and subscribe when it was done 👍

  • Fletcher Johnson
    Fletcher JohnsonDag sedan

    It's pronounced pendulum not pendalum

  • Eric
    EricDag sedan

    Oh you really don't need the cheap red arrow click bait on the thumbnail.

  • Кабаняра Клыков
    Кабаняра Клыков2 dagar sedan

    I'm from Russia and I watch your videos, but I watch your videos from another channel that does Russian voice acting. But I still go to your channel looking for the right video and put a like. It was you who instilled in me a love for physics and I would like to say a huge thank you! You probably won't even read this comment, but I still want to write it. Thanks!

  • Ernest Gonzalez
    Ernest Gonzalez2 dagar sedan

    i should be paying for this

  • Shawn Savage
    Shawn Savage2 dagar sedan

    You can’t understand the whole with the sum of its parts unless you first know who made the parts.

  • Shawn Savage
    Shawn Savage2 dagar sedan

    Man if this doesn’t make you believe in God idk what will

  • Shawn Savage
    Shawn Savage2 dagar sedan

    God made nature to function this way. How awesome is that!

  • Shawn Savage
    Shawn Savage2 dagar sedan

    Without God there is no order, He sets everything in order!

  • Family Three
    Family Three2 dagar sedan

    must be why iv never heard of or seen this bridge and work in london

  • Halima Nasrin
    Halima Nasrin2 dagar sedan

    Outstanding demonstration , well said.

  • Fenrir
    Fenrir3 dagar sedan

    Someone please share the secret of synchronization with the Windows OS, because for more than 15 years not a single Windows machine I've ever had has successfully sychronized with a time server, not even once.

  • Sahil Aryal
    Sahil Aryal3 dagar sedan

    7:30 " On your left"

  • Schwatzen zero
    Schwatzen zero3 dagar sedan

    Me watching the video : 15:02

  • The Wolf Gaming
    The Wolf Gaming3 dagar sedan

    Veritasium : "So u naturally expect universe to be *MESSI* " Ronaldo fans : Nooo, i expect the universe to be Ronaldo.

  • Pilton Jones
    Pilton Jones3 dagar sedan

    It also brought all the fighters to the strongest being on earth.

  • James Lento
    James Lento3 dagar sedan

    Fun fact my last name is lento it’s also on metronomes 50bpm

  • asher platts
    asher platts3 dagar sedan

    Fantastic video

  • Tim Jessel
    Tim Jessel3 dagar sedan

    How is clapping mysteriously synchronised?? We adjust our clap due to the overall sound and by watching those next to you. This is using our own human abilities.

  • Open Heart
    Open Heart3 dagar sedan

    Women can even synchronize their periods if they get in to a close group for some time.

  • zokonjazokonja
    zokonjazokonja3 dagar sedan

    19:05 "that's why we don't understand immune system very well... " Now that's some sort eye opening, especially theese days

  • Cleveland explorer
    Cleveland explorer3 dagar sedan

    I'm not sure about the relation of fireflies, might it also be compared with sociology, people in large crowds now behaving as themselves because of how the crowd or atmosphere is, like a starling murmurstion perhaps? Very very interesting

  • Juan David Navarro Ortega
    Juan David Navarro Ortega3 dagar sedan

    Does this happen also to larger celestial bodies, planets oscillating around stars, stars around galaxies or even black holes?

  • Airbag888
    Airbag8883 dagar sedan

    The kiwiko crate won't ship to my country... Devastated 😭

  • Bottom Dollar Outdoors: Hunt. Fish. Grow.
    Bottom Dollar Outdoors: Hunt. Fish. Grow.3 dagar sedan

    This is one of my favorite videos on SEblack.

  • Ali Fatih Yılmaz
    Ali Fatih Yılmaz4 dagar sedan

    plot twist : living in computer reality , just crashes after 155 player in same area and fix script working

  • Bunny Bevy TV
    Bunny Bevy TV4 dagar sedan

    The water doesn’t freeze at the same time...but I suppose y’all put that in there to screw with smart people and trick us into commenting 😭

  • Kris Stepke
    Kris Stepke4 dagar sedan

    This is vibration space time stuff

  • Jacob Gardiepy
    Jacob Gardiepy4 dagar sedan

    13:50 imagine filling a pool with that stuff

  • The Gorn
    The Gorn4 dagar sedan

    Millenium bridge pays homage to millenials. i.e. complete failures.

  • The Gorn
    The Gorn4 dagar sedan

    2:16 "Famous Dutch physisis Christiaan Huygens" Everyone: "who?"

  • Jacob Hood
    Jacob Hood4 dagar sedan

    Can we see a similar pattern in the collection of thoughts in society?

  • TwistedVNM
    TwistedVNM4 dagar sedan

    How can we not understand the economy we as humans invite it. It's not part of nature or science

  • TwistedVNM
    TwistedVNM4 dagar sedan

    Next time you are in traffic look at the turn signals they will synchronize then get out of synchronization then get back into synchronization

  • Tiny Tuber
    Tiny Tuber4 dagar sedan

    i wonder, why is it when i'm at an intersection, blinkers synchronize aswell

  • Q Q
    Q Q4 dagar sedan

    This makes me think of when I’m at a stop light and my blinker starts syncing up with the car in front of me for a few seconds

  • Metalman Extreme

    Metalman Extreme

    15 timmar sedan

    Or when your bouncing your leg and notice the person nearby is bouncing in sync

  • bipedalbob


    2 dagar sedan

    It only happens when you watch it.

  • Stephen Birks
    Stephen Birks5 dagar sedan

    Thats is an amazing insight- thank you for showing and explaining ?

  • Miguel V
    Miguel V5 dagar sedan

    0:06 In NY I milly rock

  • Mirdjan Hyle
    Mirdjan Hyle5 dagar sedan

    Adam Neely has entered the chat.

  • Allan Salzman
    Allan Salzman5 dagar sedan

    The notion of the moon “rotating about its axis” has bugged me for a while and I think it comes down to the definition of rotation. When viewed from a fixed Newtonian frame of reference, as in your animation, an observer sees all sides of the moon, hence you could say it’s rotating. But it’s not rotating about its own axis. Once the moon has been tidally locked, it no longer rotates about its axis. The analogy would be the pedal on a bike where the pedal is the moon and the center of the crank is earth. If you held the pedal and did one full rotation the pedal would rotate about its axis and the “earth” would see all sides of the crank. But an observer in the room would only see one side of the crank. If instead you did not touch the pedal but rotated the crank one revolution, the pedal would clearly not rotate about its axis and the “earth” would only see one side of the pedal...but someone standing in the room would see all sides of the pedal and hence say that it was “rotating”.

  • eioshen boboi
    eioshen boboi5 dagar sedan

    explaining his first experiment. That was very cool to see.

  • Collin Wilkerson
    Collin Wilkerson5 dagar sedan

    What if several metronomes were set on a large plane that sit on balls instead of cylinders and the metronomes were facing towards the center in a square shape

  • some time
    some time5 dagar sedan

    15:06 19:00 lol you seems convinced

  • Lisa Gunnison
    Lisa Gunnison5 dagar sedan

    I would like to know why fireflies will decide to gather around a random individual......and light up.... is it smell? It’s like they are in unison and in step with you and not anybody else around you.....odd

  • eioshen boboi

    eioshen boboi

    5 dagar sedan

    Rocket Ei are)uuuu

  • WeTubule
    WeTubule5 dagar sedan

    9 million subscribers. He makes an episode featuring pendulums and can't get software that even comes close to illustrating pendulum motion. 🤨

  • Richard Shortall
    Richard Shortall5 dagar sedan

    I wonder if there is a psychosocial variety of this ... as well as explaining gradual changes in the way we interact with each other, what we are 'allowed' to say, and then even think - it would explain the almost complete ideological lockstep in our universities and amongst most media outlets... something related to the Overton Window perhaps

  • Navin Singh screen
    Navin Singh screen6 dagar sedan

    we were 3-4 friends, alwys cycle together. i always used to think "How r we doing this or y r we doing this"

  • Dark
    Dark6 dagar sedan

    In a complex system, chaos is the norm Women: hold my beer

  • Wendy
    Wendy6 dagar sedan

    Chinese medicine is about the property of the whole for human body instead of part by part. It looks at human body as one whole system. Unfortunately not so many people believe in it anymore...

  • Willaraz
    Willaraz6 dagar sedan

    15:01 Mr. Veritasium is Not impressed! 19:03 Mr. V. continues to be unimpressed

  • Zizi Mugen
    Zizi Mugen6 dagar sedan

    To be fair, the audience in Bucharest isn’t a part of the synchronization phenomenon. One person decides it’s time to do a slow-clap and build-up, and that person’s friend or the person on the other side thinks it’s a good idea, they get louder, people generally like the build-up of a slow-clap, and everyone chooses to get in on it.

  • juanito arcoiris
    juanito arcoiris6 dagar sedan


  • Rusty Shackleford
    Rusty Shackleford6 dagar sedan

    I didn't know Christian Huygen was the singer of Led Zeppelin!

  • PlaySomething!
    PlaySomething!6 dagar sedan

    Perfect harmony in creation. It’s a beautiful witness

  • Deep Thoughts Radio
    Deep Thoughts Radio6 dagar sedan

    Yeah, you need another ad at 2 mins. No thanks. This entire video is based on a loose FALSE claim and a complete lack of understanding the fabric of the universe.

  • Mohit Sharma
    Mohit Sharma6 dagar sedan

    Please make a video on Hindu calender, it is based on periodic nature of planets, and no error like we have... Leap year

  • Ethan In Deo
    Ethan In Deo6 dagar sedan

    If people clap in same time, it's because they want a "rappel (in french)". They want the artist back on the stage.

  • Sarah Justice
    Sarah Justice7 dagar sedan

    I once was taking a bath when I was 3 and got bored so I started to slide back and forth long ways and apperently I that enough I could not stop moving I would sit still and the water would pull me back and forth it took a while to slow it to a stop

  • Lillian Ezesky
    Lillian Ezesky7 dagar sedan

    Rocket Ei are)uuuu

  • Lillian Ezesky
    Lillian Ezesky7 dagar sedan

    Wwwwwwwwwwwqssssss Rocket Ei are)uuuu

  • Phylum Sì
    Phylum Sì7 dagar sedan

    Everything has their own signature, also known as frequency and/or vibration.

  • plasma globe kid [PGK]
    plasma globe kid [PGK]7 dagar sedan

    Play 2 or more frequencies like 100hz and 100.1 hz You will hear it synchronise and go out of tune A sawtooth is best for this...

  • Patrick bennett`
    Patrick bennett`7 dagar sedan

    Why am i underwelmed with this whole thing, like i get it but like, its just like duh, stuff movin that has weight tansfering weight and effecting the other object that is moving and it sinking up with eachother..

  • HL9GY Korea
    HL9GY Korea7 dagar sedan

    The synchronized clapping sample is somewhat erroneous. People consciously adjust clapping based on mental influences, such as to keep tempo with a band playing music. If people were to naturally start clapping in unison it would seem so odd that they would likely adjust their clapping to be out of sync. Unless, of course, they were keeping time with music or some form of ritual chant. But then their synchronized clapping would be a conscious decision, not a natural phenomenon.

    WULFAXE7 dagar sedan

    shoutouts to gurren lagan for the Spirals

  • DuggiPlayz
    DuggiPlayz7 dagar sedan

    We are all just puppets to the universe..

  • kilaru kartheek
    kilaru kartheek7 dagar sedan

    In a typical 20min Veritasium video, there is always a 2min period which put a smile on my face and tears in my eyes at the same time.

  • 99SamIAm99
    99SamIAm997 dagar sedan

    Ah, randomness. Secret solved.

  • Jhon Smith
    Jhon Smith8 dagar sedan

    This was such a cool video.

  • Anthony Stewart
    Anthony Stewart8 dagar sedan

    This is common knowledge to those EE's who have designed all kinds of programmable oscillators with a limited Capture Range that depends on the Q of the resonator Q=fo/BW (-3dB ). Remember old TV's with Horizontal and vertical sync? There are other factors like Barhausen Criterion (Loop gain must =>+1) It also depends on phase compensation and phase/gain margin . Old TV CRT's worked with manual tuning the flyback oscillator so that it synced up to the TV signals. This was an injection locked loop (ILL) like the pendulums. Then came stable crystal oscillators were used with Phase Locked Loops (PLL) with phase mixers and filters. The internet and telephony uses Stratum 1 to 3 synchronized clocks all synchronized to a Cesium global clock. Then there are ATM's that are pleisiochronous or "almost" synchronous. The formula for this capture range is nonlinear partly from positive feedback and because of the Barkhausen criteria where damped oscillations may get amplified to sustain oscillations such that the loop gain must be >=+1 After which soft limiting stress keeps it a more or less sine wave and dampens the oscillation to be steady like the Wein (Wien?) Oscillator. The harmonic content of bridge failures is because Civil engineers didn't understand what EE's already knew about harmonic content (THD) and intermodulation (IM) distortion, where nonlinear materials create sub-harmonic (sum and ) difference frequencies. This is fundamental to all radio design. (no pun intended). The theory of the whole being greater than the sum of the parts is also a passion to me and my son who described to me his theory that global consciousness of brain waves sometimes matches the Schuman frequencies of upper ionospheric magneto resonance from solar flares pinging the magnetic ring fields around earth and some get into sync like the old TV Hsync injection oscillators.

  • markhrabe
    markhrabe8 dagar sedan

    Aren’t Jupiter’s moons spinning in a 1,2,4 motion based on Kemplars law?

  • Kartikey Singh
    Kartikey Singh8 dagar sedan

    Simply think in terms of vibrations, vibration should he evenly distributed along the system, it can only be achieved when in sync.

  • Andrew Stevenson
    Andrew Stevenson8 dagar sedan

    If we all start the video at the same time... then pause and play every second, maybe we could crash Google's servers??? 😜

  • Orphan Of Orbit
    Orphan Of Orbit8 dagar sedan

    I don't think the audience in Budapest was real.

  • Orphan Of Orbit
    Orphan Of Orbit8 dagar sedan

    Life is a spiral towards balance.

  • Vladimir Grom
    Vladimir Grom8 dagar sedan

    Bamboo flowers 1 time in 60-100years(IIRC) and no matter how far away they are, they flower at the same time on the whole planet

  • Marcel Nehrig
    Marcel Nehrig8 dagar sedan

    the art of syncronizing people and their actions independent of their believes by micro targeting social media input is standard modern warfare.

  • Hansford X
    Hansford X8 dagar sedan

    The heart spirals just make me think if Uzamaki now. I’m imagining the visual of someone tearing out their own heart with their bare hands just to get at the invisible spiral.

  • Ryu Cartel

    Ryu Cartel

    5 dagar sedan

    You need som milk

  • GeoD
    GeoD8 dagar sedan

    Reminds me of chaos management.

  • AlexZander
    AlexZander8 dagar sedan

    But 10:07 there is one old geezer out of sync. 6th row from the top, 7th human from the left.

  • Earth Dreams Channel
    Earth Dreams Channel8 dagar sedan

    Good video - you didn’t use the word entrainment - wondered why - you know same thing happens when women work in close groups - our cycles entrain - good video - well done

  • Saumyadeep Mahata
    Saumyadeep Mahata8 dagar sedan

    Sir make a diy oxygen cylinder from lpg cylinder india needs it . I can do the work. But need direction it can save lifes

  • Walter Mellon
    Walter Mellon8 dagar sedan

    Storm clouds

  • Ahmad Khilfi
    Ahmad Khilfi8 dagar sedan

    Whenever a lot of people are having a chat to the point where the room was so noisy and then suddenly everyone just stop talking to complete silence is someting that is mesmerising and scares me. It's like they/we unknowingly agree to stop talking at the same time

  • soup pest

    soup pest

    Dag sedan

    As a mucian we do this to we out thinking we “lock in” and sencronize with out thinking

  • Gabriel joaquinne Natividad

    Gabriel joaquinne Natividad

    4 dagar sedan

    @Cibin Thomas YES

  • The Gorn

    The Gorn

    4 dagar sedan

    and then someone farts during complete silence and it's so awkward

  • Glizzy Man

    Glizzy Man

    4 dagar sedan

    If that happens when playing an instrument it’s usually that people have to breathe at the same time and it’s weird

  • Lisa Gunnison

    Lisa Gunnison

    5 dagar sedan

    My theory.....everyone realizes when they can no longer hear themselves talk......that it’s time to dial it back......or you all decide to lip read😁

  • 保羅
    保羅8 dagar sedan

    what is the name of the equipment used for mixing the colours? (12:04)

  • Alexander Skrabacz
    Alexander Skrabacz8 dagar sedan

    I couldnt stop laughing at the people on the bridge mindlessly swaying back and forth like npc's

  • fLaMePr0oF
    fLaMePr0oF9 dagar sedan

    At the most fundamental level, it happens because of quantum entanglement

  • Benjamin Gal-Or
    Benjamin Gal-Or9 dagar sedan

    Best way to win this failed war is 40 highest infected nations work with 40 lowest: 1) ISLANDS like CAY, BHRN, CYPR, SYCL, SLNK, SnMRT, ARUB, CRC, MNCO, BRB, MLT, Canaries. 2) ATOLLS like BORA-BORA, MLDV, BETWEEN NZ-PHL. 3) Center-Near-Sea, like SNGP, TLND, UAE, ERT, SRB, ISR, VTN, NRW, FIN, DNM, NL. 4) Landlocked with tight borders, like ANDR, BHT, MNGL, USB. 5) DIET, CULTURE, VIRUS CONTROL ABILITY, VCR, of each of 80 nations.* LIST of ORDERED BY: 1) Virus Control Ability, VCA, of 80 Nations, Source below, 2) Life Expectancy by World Ranking, inside [..], 3) VIRUS DEATHS RATIOS %, 4) 80-days-VCA-History-TRENDS, inside (..), 5) Deaths in each, by 4/29/21. 6) RULES OF LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS. 1 - [4] SNGPR 0.05(0.05) 30................. 2 - [114] BHTN 0.09(0.12) 1 3 - [33] MLDV 0.25(0.32) 71..................4 - [126] MNGL 0.29(0.11) 97 5 - [49] TLND 0.29(0.43) 178..................6 - [145] ERTR 0.27(0.33) 10 7 - [41] UAE 0.31(0.28) 1,580...................8 - [47] BHRN 0.36(0.36) 617 9 - [63) MLAS 0.37(0.36) 1,477................10 - [93] CYMN 0.37(0.51) 2 11- [8] ICL 0.45(0.48) 29.................12 - [28] CYPR 0.48(0.64) 303 13 - [94] SYCL 0.49(0.42) 26.................14 - [37] CUBA 0.59(0.83) 614 15 - [51] SLNK 0.63(0.49) 661.................16 - [19] MRTNQ 0.64(0.70) 68 17 - [14] NRW 0.67(0.75) 753.................18 - [45] SnMRT 0.70(0.97) 12 19 - [100] USBK 0.72(0.79) 646.................20 - [55] BORA-BORA 0.75(0.73) 141 21 - [9] ISR 0.76 (0.74) 6,361.................22 - [43] CURC 0.88(0.44) 107 23 - [65] SRB 0.92(0.89) 6,312..................24 - [108] CBVRD 0.93(0.95) 211 25 - [45] ESTN 0.95(0.92) 1,148..................26 - [21] ANDORA 0.95(1.01) 125 27 - [150] PAP 0.98(1.06) 107..................28 - [15] NZ 1.00(1.04) 26 29 - [29] DNMK 0.99(1.02) 2,481.................30 - [22] FIN 1.05(1.55) 908 31 - [43] OMN 1.05(1.08) 1942.................32 - [121] VNZL 1.07(0.94) 2,082 33 - [34] TWN 1.08(0.78) 12..................34 - [15] NL 1.15(1.43) 17,104 35 - [34] BRB 1.15(1.10) 44..................36 - [84] JRD 1.23(1.10) 8,707 37 - [72] VTN 1.22(2.26) 35..................38 - [2] MNCO 1.31(1.28) 32 39 - [13] MLT 1.37(1.35) 413...................40 - [73] ARUB 0.93(0.91) 98 Best way to win this failed war: 40 lowest infected nations work with 12 highest: 41- [35] U.S. 1.78(1.69) 586,650 ** .......42 - [66] BRZL 2.73(2.44) 392,204 43 - [75] MXC 9.23(8.51) 215,113............44 - [128] INDIA 1.12(1.37) 203,991 45 - [25] UK 2.89(2.83) 127,451............46 - [5] ITL 3.01(3.47) 119,912 47 - [103] RUS 2.28(2.11) 108,980............48 - [12] FR 1.88(2.40) 103,256 49 - [25] GRM 2.49(2.59) 82,551 ...........50 - [6] SP 2.23(2.07) 77,738 51 - [58] PRU 3.38(3.42) 60,013............52 - [153] SAF 3.43(3.39) 54,186 Best way to win this failed war: 40 lowest infected nations also work with Nations ordered by index 3): Sweden 1.46 to YEMEN 119.40: 53 - [11] SWD 1.46(2.04) 14,000...............54 - [3] SWS 1.62(1.80) 10,615 55 - [24] AST 1.65(1.76) 10,152...............46 - [118] PHL 1.67(2.11) 17,031 57 - [76] SAR 1.67(1.72) 6,922...............48 - [160] KNY 1.68(1.74) 2,643. 59 - [2] JPN 1.75(1.93) 10,004..............60 - [57] MRCO 1.77(1.74) 8,999 61 - [1] HK 1.78(?) 209...............62 - [49] ALB 1.82(1.71) 2,379 63 - [14] CND 2.02(2.51) 24,065 ..............64 - [20] PRTG 2.03(1.70) 16,970 65 - [108] UKR 2.11(1.83) 42,950...............66 - [23] BLG 2.47 (3.03) 24,065 67 - [48] CLMB 2.58(2.59) 71,799...............68 - [15] GRC 3.01(3.60) 10,179 69 - [98] ELSV 3.07(3.08) 2,117................70 - [7] AU 3.06(3.19) 910 71 - [86] GTML 3.38(3.54) 7,428...............72 - [59] TUNS 3.43(3.48) 10,170 73 - [54] HUNG 3.49(3.40) 26,984..............74 - [?] BLGR 4.03(?) 16,101 75 - [117] BLV 4.30(4.56) 12,861..............76 - [51] EQD 4.88(5.26) 18,300 77 - [54] CN 5.12(5.18) 4,636...............78 - [109] SYR 6.95(6.68) 1,548 79 - [146] SDN 7.12(6.75) 2,340...............80 - [144] YMN 19.40(29.0) 1,120 IMPACT: - Compare TABLE with Nov 2 to Dec 4, 9, 12, 20, 24, 28, 2020 CDR, in %: [Germany] 1.97-.61-.67-.68-.77-.83-.84................. [NL] 2.11; 1.78-.71-.68-.55-.49-.44 [Finland] 2.20; 1.54-.51-.51-.49-.54-.54................. [U.S.] 2.51; 1.95-.88-.87-.79-.77-.74 [Brazil] 2.89-.71-.66-.65-.59-.57-.55....................... [France] 2.69-.40-.44-.44-.47-.47-.45 [Spain] 2.89-.72-.72-.73-.65-.69-.66....................... [AU] 3.28-.25-.24-.24-.23-.21-.21 [Canada] 4.30; 3.15; 2.98-.86-.82-76-.71................[UK] 4.51; 3.59-.54-.53-.35-.21-.09 [Sweden] 4.78; 2.57-.39-.35-.18-.09-.09.................[China] 5.39-.35-.35-.35-.34-.33-.33 [Italy] 5.47; 4.35; 3.49;-.51-.59-.54..........................[Mexico] 9.92-.82-.49-.26; 8.91-.85 * LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS, LCT, is based on Worldwide Acclaimed book COSMOLOGY, PHYSICS and PHILOSOPHY, [Amazon], followed by editorials, reviews, comments at U-tube, 'in', ~10 M References-Citations by Google. ** US # includes low infected in islands/atolls between NZ & PHL. RULES and CONCLUSIONS OF LOCAL CLIMATES THERMODYNAMICS LCT 1. No country, alone, can cause end of this failing war. LCT 2. Best way to win this failed war is 40 highest infected nations work with 40 lowest. LCT 3. WHO should be all-nations PANDEMIC-CZAR to force end of this failing war. LCT 4. Add local sea climates, defined by Conclusions above, to stop millions more to die. Click name for free scientific books, editorials, articles, reviews at U-tube. Sources: Thousands dedicated Drs., Nurses, Health Care Workers in ~180 nations daily reporting to US. J H UNIVERSITY, World Health Organization, WHO, published and reordered here, as defined above by 1), 3), 4), 5). Copyrights, etc.: Prof.-Dr. Benjamin Gal-Or and David Galor.

  • Kalina
    Kalina9 dagar sedan

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  • Harrjeeth Senthil
    Harrjeeth Senthil9 dagar sedan

    Hey. How does heart beat perpetually?

  • Ajey Rathod
    Ajey Rathod9 dagar sedan

    Nilered's chemistry

  • Ross Phillip
    Ross Phillip9 dagar sedan

    You look at anything long enough and it seems orderly